Amazon forest is one of the largest tropical forests which is not only important for a huge number of animals and birds’ species but also important for our own survival. It is being stretched over an amazingly huge part of the South American continent and this is the most bio-diverse rainforest on this planet which is full of amazing surprises. More than half of this huge rainforest is located in Brazil and also stretched to other parts of the continent like Peru, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, French Guiana, and Suriname.
Well, most of the unknown facts about the Amazon are making it one of the most distinctive places on the earth. Although everyone on this planet has a basic introduction with Amazon rainforest but still this expensive and diverse ecosystem is holding some amazing and unbelievable facts which are surely going to surprise most of the people. Before planning a visit to Amazon, it is better to have a look at some amazing facts about Amazon Rainforest.
The Most Unbelievable Facts About Amazon Rainforest
From the things which are simply amazingly beautiful to the things which have the ability to change our world, here are some of the most amazing and yet unbelievable facts which are surely going to be incredible for you to know. So, to know more about the most unbelievable yet amazing facts about Amazon rainforest, have a look at the following information:
1. Amazon Rainforest is Mindbogglingly Vast
Amazon Rainforest is the largest tropical forest in the world. It is covering almost 3.4 million square miles of the earth. Although Amazon Rainforest is located in South America, but it has spanned across 9 countries including Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, and Suriname. Even if Amazon Rainforest were a country itself then it would be the 9th largest country in the world. To get an even better idea, Ireland and the United Kingdom can get fit into Amazon more than 17times. While more than 60% of the Amazon Rainforest is located in Brazil.
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2. Amazon Rainforest River
The Amazon is without any doubt the longest river on the planet. Even more, it is one of the most famous rivers in the world for various good reasons. It is being started from the Andes which is just 192 kilometers away from the Pacific Ocean which is the place into which it is originally draining. The Amazon river is containing more water as compared to the combines water of Nile, Yangtze and Mississippi combined. However, the total length of the Amazon river is still a matter of dispute due to various differences.
The Nile vs. The Amazon
As the mountains have risen the course of the Amazon River changed and at the present time it is running 6,437 kilometers transversely to South America. Even more, the Amazon is discharging much more amount of water as compared to Nile River. Nile River is discharging 80 billion gallons of water on a daily basis while on the other hand the Amazon River is discharging 776 billion gallons per day and this is in the dry season only. When we are going to talk about the rainy seasons then the amount of water which Amazon River is discharging into the Atlantic Ocean is approximately 11,000,000 cubic feet every second. The Amazon river is known as the life of force for this rainforest.
In the dry season, the width of the Amazon River can be varied from 1 to 6.2 miles. While when we talk about the Rainy season then the width may get expanded more than 30 miles in some certain parts and the time it is reaching to the Atlantic Ocean the width of the river has grown to above 150 miles too at some certain points.
3. Medical Potential in the Extreme Level of Biodiversity in Amazon
With having an extreme level of biodiversity, this fact must come with no surprises that Amazon Rainforest is holding an innumerable potential of treatments and cures for a wide range of health issues. The US National Cancer Institute has recognized that 3,000 plants on the planet are containing amazing anti-cancer specifications and more than two-thirds part of these plants are in rainforests. Along with these amazing stats, you just need to know that till the present time, only 1 percent of the plants in the rainforests have been studied in an appropriate way. And as the Amazon has much more as compared to any other rainforest in the world and it clearly means that it has more potential than any of other rainforests on this planet.
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4. Amazon Rainforest Also Has a Secret River
Every one of us is aware of the famous Amazon Rainforest River which is also being considered as one of the largest rivers on the planet. But here is another interesting thing about the Amazon which you have to know. A few people heard some talks about the discovery of a secret river in the year 2011. Most of the people thought that the Amazon rainforest is being covered by the thickest canopy and it might be a small river which has seen in this big place. But when Rio Hamza River turned out then it came to know that this is a huge river whose length is approximately 6,000 kilometers and width is ranging from 200–400 kilometers. Even more, this secret river is actually an underground river.
5. Biodiversity in Amazon Rainforest is off the Chart
Amazon contains an extreme level of biodiversity. According to the best of scientific estimation. Amazon Rainforest contains more than 40,000 plant species, 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, millions of different types of insects, 3,000 types of fish, and 430 mammals. Although Amazon rainforest is being disappeared at a faster rate but still it is containing huge biodiversity.
6. Humans Are Living in Amazon Rainforest Too
Approximately 4 to 5 hundred Amerindian tribes are calling this rainforest their home. Even it is being said that more than 50 of these tribes never had any contact with the world outside. These 50 tribes have their own cultures and languages. The rainforest at Brazil’s side is being known as the host of the various indigenous tribes. Even more, the Yanomani tribe is the largest one among the tribes living in Amazon Rainforest.
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7. Amazon Rainforest is Known as the Lungs of the Earth
Amazon Rainforest is producing more than 20 percent oxygen in the world. Considering the huge size of the Amazon Rainforest and 20% of the oxygen production, it is being referred to as the lungs of the earth. Amazon is working like a giant machine for the planet.
8. Amazon Rainforest is Quite Dark at the Bottom
The bottom of the Amazon is completely dark. It may be because of the broader leafy canopies or dense plants which Amazon Rainforest is containing. The Amazon Rainforest is experiencing just 2 to 5 percent of sunlight and even more, only 1% of the sunlight is reaching to the floor of this Rainforest.
9. A Man Has Swum the Entire River of Amazon Rainforest
In the year 2007, a man whose name was Martin Strel swam the complete length of the mighty Amazon River. He wanted to complete a bashing jungle journey and for this, he powered through the water for approximately 10 hours per day for 66 days to complete the entire river journey.
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10. Agricultural Activities Are Unsustainable in This Rainforest
Most of the area of Amazon is containing infertile soils which are unable to support crops for an extended period of time. This is the reason why people living in the rainforest have to move from the place often. The soil hair is much poor and thin in nutrients. And this can be the biggest surprise for the world that the largest rainforest has grown on the soil which is lacking at various nutrients.
11. Amazon Rainforest’s Loudest Creature
The toucan is known as the loudest creature in the Amazon. It is an amazingly colorful fruit-eating bird which is known as the loudest one among all other creatures.
Without any doubt, Amazon rainforest is one of the most amazing and fascinating places on the earth for the people. If you ever have seen the aerial view of the Amazon in videos or pictures which are available on the internet then you surely have gotten a better idea about its diversity. Even more, it will be very easy to understand not only its diversity but the uniqueness of its ecosystem too. This incredible rainforest has some of the most interesting hidden facts which surely everyone wants to know. Before contacting online car hire services, it is important to know some amazing things about Amazon onrainforest.